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High-Quality Compressors and Refrigerant Storage & Recovery (RSR)

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High-Quality Compressors and
Refrigerant Storage & Recovery (RSR)

Chicago Compressors & Specialty Products Blog

Types of Compressors and How To Know What You Need For Your Particular Industry

2 August 2021

Compressors come in various sizes, voltages, and capacities and are offered as rebuilt, remanufactured, or OEM (original equipment manufacturer). Between reciprocating compressors, to semi-hermetic compressors, to scroll, screw, single-stage, multi-stage and others, there are many options on the market.

Having a good understanding regarding the types of compressors and how to know what you need for your particular industry is crucial for making a wise choice. In the following article, we will dive deeper into this subject to provide you with the knowledge and resources to make an informed decision. Additionally, using the right compressors for the job will save time and money, providing you with the best end results. 


There are two main types of compressors, those that use positive displacement and those that use dynamic compression. Positive displacement compressors include reciprocating and rotary compressors which include screw and scroll compressors. Dynamic compressors include centrifugal and axial sub-categories. Reciprocating compressors are known to provide the most energy-efficient operations.

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products provides standard-setting remanufactured compression options, including remanufactured semi-hermetic compressors, remanufactured semi-hermetic reciprocating screw compressors, remanufactured semi-hermetic twin screw compressors, remanufactured York compressors, remanufactured York reciprocating compressors, and reciprocating compressors. Additionally, we do offer our customers new semi-hermetic twin screw compressors as well as York compressor rebuild equipment.


Now that you have a background on the types of compressors, you may be wondering how you go about choosing one from all of the options in the market. In order to narrow down your search, it is important to consider what you are using it for and what industry you are in. You will also want to think about the amount of horsepower and PSI that may be required. Let’s take a closer look at some of the common compressors used in a few industries:

  • Home use or small workshops: Single-stage air compressors work well for most home and workshop projects, such as nailing, sawing, and drilling.
  • Auto repair shops: Two-stage compressors are commonly used in the auto industry. Stop by a mechanic shop or drive-through oil change location and you’re sure to hear the compressors in use.
  • Construction: Many construction companies will use a mix of single-stage and two-stage compressors depending on the size and power needs of the job. Towable and portable air compressors power various pneumatic tools and offer reliable power and output at many larger construction sites.
  • Manufacturing & assembly plants: For most manufacturers and assembly plants, rotary screw air compressors help perform a multitude of tasks. These compressors are heavy-duty and suited for continuous operation in industrial plants and manufacturing facilities.
  • Oil and gas: Rotary and reciprocating compressors can be found at many oil and gas industry sites, such as pipelines and processing plants. As a matter of fact, petroleum gas is processed and compressed before it is transported in a pipeline.
  • Mechanical contracting: Mechanical contractors work daily with plumbing, heating, cooling and other building systems and utilize industrial air and gas compressors to get many jobs completed. This can include both reciprocating and rotary screw compressors depending on the power needs and other factors involved.

As you see, compressors help many jobs and tasks get completed easier and faster. Choosing the right tool or the job will make your operations more efficient.


When it comes to compressors, rebuilt, or reconditioned units are commonly used. Often using used components from other similar models, these compressors are put back together to create a working unit. The internal parts are cleaned up, repaired, and/or rebuilt to working mechanical form. However, this type of procedure does not come without drawbacks. For one, rebuilt compressors often experience uneven wear and tear as a result of the hodge podge of parts that are used to make them. As a result, this often leads to equipment failure, costing additional money and headaches. 

Remanufactured compressors, on the other hand, is a much more thorough process. These units are cleaned up and old components are completely replaced with new parts. By doing so, the compressor is brought back to like new OEM standards and tolerances and will not experience the uneven wear and tear that rebuilt compressors often do. Additionally, remanufactured compressors can receive upgraded parts and technology during this process. Because of this, better performance and energy efficiency may be achieved.

Now that you have a better understanding of compressors, be sure to contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products for your upcoming needs. With almost 40 years of experience, we have the team to answer your questions and right fit compressors to your particular needs!

Multistage Compressor for Heavy Industrial Use

18 January 2021

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products - YORK® M TurboMaster

The YORK® M TurboMaster multistage compressor for heavy industrial use has been in use since 1955. Featuring a rugged between-the-bearings design, one to eight stages of compression and modular lube systems, this multistage centrifugal compressor has proven itself in over 3,000 critical applications worldwide, in industries ranging from chemical to petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing to refining. York is the leader in building and supplying heavy-duty centrifugal compressors for over 50 years, and this experience shows.

  • Up to 26,000 ACFM (44,174 M3/hr)
  • Up to 15,000 hp (11,185 kW)
  • Over 3,000 in operation in process applications
  • Over 800 on hydrocarbon service
  • Over 300 gas turbine driven
  • Onshore and offshore
  • Built by York® for 50 years with proven long-term reliability
  • Open-cycle gas compression and closed-cycle refrigeration service
  • Hydrocarbons, natural gas, CO2, hydrogen, halocarbons, mixed gases, ammonia and others

For more information, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.

Compressor Basics

11 January 2021

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products - Remanufactured Air Compressor - Wheeling, IL

Compressors are often thought of as the heart of an HVAC system. YORK® chillers use a variety of compressor types designed to meet the unique demands of each project.

Compressor Basics

Compressors are the most critical component in a heating and cooling system. The compressor sets the overall performance by establishing the limit of the thermodynamic efficiency. They also account for the most energy consumption of a system and impact efficiency.

Because of their critical function, compressors represent 25-40% of total system costs and play a role in determining the value range of the entire system.

Types of Chiller Compressors

Compressors used in YORK® Chillers include centrifugal, screw and scroll.

Centrifugal Compressors - Centrifugal compressors rely on centrifugal force to compress refrigerant vapor. These are ideal for complex projects with medium to large cooling loads, such as hospitals, universities or naval ships.

Screw Compressors

Screw compressors - Screw compressors also known as rotary compressors, move refrigerant from low pressure to high pressure via two rotors, or screws, that trap and compress gas in a compressor casing. Screw compressors are ideal for medium-load cooling projects, such as multistory office buildings and facilities with critical temperature requirements such as surgical centers. Scroll Compressors

Scroll compressors - Scroll compressors use one orbiting and one fixed scroll to provide continuous compression of the refrigerant. Scroll compressors can be used in a variety of applications, such as office buildings, hotels, schools or clinics.

Learn More About Compressor

Watch this video to learn more about the different compressor types used in YORK® equipment and YORK® chiller products.

Compressors set overall system performance by establishing the limit of efficiency and cooling capacity.

For more information, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.

Factors To Consider Outside the Chiller Itself

4 January 2021

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products - Chillers

Water Source:

Although centrifugal chillers may have lower operating costs, potable water for cooling towers may be scarce. In such cases, other sources like sea, lake, river or pond water, or even treated sewage effluent may be used. However, these sources may require more expensive construction materials, corrosion protection, etc., which result in lower heat exchanger efficiency. This will offset some of the energy efficiency benefits of the water-cooled centrifugal chiller system. The higher cost of water treatment and corrosion protection could favor an air-cooled chiller system.

Sewage Water Cost:

Many of the city municipalities charge for sewage disposal, which may need to be accounted for considering the bleed off from the cooling tower based on the cycle of concentration with a consequent impact the payback period for water-cooled chillers.

Site Limitation:

If water availability may be a challenge, stakeholders that face this issue may consider a hybrid system. Hybrid systems combine air-cooled and water-cooled chillers in different ratios of 30/70 or 40/60 or 50/50 based on the load profile, storage capacity and critical base demand, etc. The hybrid approach can mitigate future risks and optimize present resources. Desert and hilly regions are particularly challenged, but so are major cities that are unable to meet the potable water demands and are subject to strict guidelines and regulations. Receding ground water level can cause municipal authorities to stop ground water drilling for commercial use. Under such uncertainties, building a mission critical facility with a water-cooled chiller is unrealistic.

Repair and Maintenance Costs:

Repair and maintenance factors are difficult to assess. These costs depend on complex variables, including the quality of air and water, size and complexity of plant design, quality and make of equipment, location and distance from nearest service center, and labor cost per hour for skilled manpower in a particular city. The easiest assessment is based on an inventory of the number and types of equipment that will require maintenance. Although repair and maintenance costs are more subjective than factors with an immediate cost, they should be considered based on the experience of the designer/user. Also, new chiller technologies can be factored in that use magnetic-bearing centrifugal compressors, which can reduce maintenance costs and increase chiller life.

Demand Load and Electrical System:

Demand or connected load charges are normally higher for air-cooled chiller plants due to higher design peak kW load requirements. These costs can be considered while performing an energy cost comparison. Electrical equipment and system costs are based on total connected load, which is higher in an air-cooled plant and may impact overall budget of a building’s utilities. With a higher connected load requirement for an air-cooled chiller and a higher associated electrical system cost, overall capital cost of both systems may be very close.

Space and Building Construction:

Space availability and cost is a major concern for builders in large cities, where real estate costs can be as high as $4,000 per square foot. Water-cooled chillers are normally housed in an enclosed space within the building or a separate building nearby. This lost space is an opportunity loss for the builder who could otherwise sell or rent out the floor area. In contrast, air-cooled chillers are normally kept on the roof of the building, not occupying valuable saleable space. Where space cost is not at a premium, space cost is not a factor. Building construction cost may be relatively small or go substantially higher if local codes require extra load bearing capacity for an air-cooled chiller or a seismic design requirement of the site. In this regard, an air-cooled chiller has an advantage, because it can be kept on the roof without any change in roof construction cost. However, if a water-cooled chiller must be kept on the roof for floor space, not only the load bearing capacity of the roof should be increased due to concentrated load, the equipment must also be modified to withstand ambient conditions outdoors.

For more information, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.

Factors That Drive Chiller Choice

28 December 2020

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products - York Chiller

Deciding which chiller is best suited for a building is an essential step in any project. For mission-critical cooling, however, it’s a key factor to success.

Data centers, hospitals and manufacturing facilities typically have 24/7 operation cycles – and that means the factors that determine which chiller to use are essential.

Here are some insights on how to determine which chiller to use from an article published in ASHRAE Journal. Considerations such as power cost, water cost, weather and load profile all play a big factor.

“…we posited initial capital costs, annual operating costs and a combination of both, along with the total cost of ownership (TCO) – all of which are typical deciding factors in equipment selection. Sensitivity to these factors influence different decisions based on capital or financing available to the building owner. Of course, many technical, commercial, compliance and site-specific factors can also influence the choice by eliminating either option as a non-starter.”

The article goes on to discuss these factors and key findings between sample chiller locations across the world.

Determining the ideal chiller for your application requires careful consideration of total cost of ownership, among other factors.

For more information, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.


Warm Holiday Greetings To You All

21 December 2020

Happy Holidays From Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products

Warm Holiday greetings to you all. We write this note to you with joyous confidence that 2021 will bring happier, healthy, and more profitable days to us all! That wish is certainly a cause for optimistic celebration this Holiday season.

Our Holiday gift to you is the gift of small business in your community. To be able to buy locally is a true gift to your neighborhood as well as to your family and friends. We hope that everyone reading this takes a measured effort to buy local to the fullest extent possible, not only during this Holiday season but going forward as well.

Buying local is one of the best gifts you can give to your neighbors and your community. Visit a local restaurant, salon, store, or shop for better relationships and better customer service; but more so you can shake the owner’s hand and wish them the best in 2021 and beyond. That will be a gift for you both. Help make this a joyous holiday for everyone: Give the gift of your business to a local business.

We wish you and your entire family happiness, health, and warmth this Holiday season. Our warmest regards to you all.

Benefits of Air-Cooled Chillers

14 December 2020

Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products - York Air-Cooled Chiller


Achieve efficient operation across all cooling-load and ambient temperature conditions.


Decades of proven technology installed globally, backed by the largest HVAC parts and service network.


YORK® Air-cooled Chillers have earned the trusted AHRI Certified™ mark, an assurance of the product's performance.


Tailor your chiller to meet your specific needs.

Featured Product - YZ Magnetic Bearing Centrifugal Chiller

The YZ challenges conventions to deliver superior, real-world performance, lower cost of ownership and a new definition of sustainability.

Featured Solution - Smart Connected Chillers

Smart Connected Chillers integrate leading remote monitoring and cloud-based analysis tools that identify issues before they happen.

For more information, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.

Thanksgiving Reflections from Our Team to Yours

25 November 2020

Thanksgiving Reflections from Our Team to Yours

We have all been challenged this year. But, never have we felt closer to our family, staff, customers, and vendors. For this we can give Thanks. The Covid-19 pandemic challenged our business as it did each and every business across our great nation. But, we would like to share with you the positives that came out of this experience.

Our families, our staff, our customers, and our vendors all remind us of the blessing it is to own and operate. The support that you have all provided, and continue to provide, during one of the most troubling and challenging times in American history is nothing short of humbling. That we in our own way returned some of that support to you has us arriving this Thanksgiving season with a deeper appreciation for our relationship with you. We move forward with an extraordinary focus to ensure that the quality of our service meets your needs, expectations, and earns your continued and highly valued trust. We do this with confidence that, together, we all will make it through the unique challenges that lay ahead.

In many ways we have more to be thankful for this year than ever before. This Thanksgiving season, we continue to reflect, recognize, give thanks, and be warmed by you all. As always, we invite you to contact us anytime with ideas, questions, and/or concerns. Thank you, and sincere "Happy Thanksgiving" wishes to you all!

Easy to Operate Refrigerant Storage & Recovery (RSR) Systems

12 November 2020

RT-2222 Recovery Receiver, EasyTank Recovery Receiver

When your chiller or cooling system is down for service, either scheduled or emergency, you need a fast-working Refrigerant Storage & Recovery (RSR) system you can depend on every time.

Refrigerant Storage / Recycling System

YORK® Refrigerant Storage/Recycling (RSR) systems offer all the features a field service technician needs. These compact, portable, self-contained units are easy to operate for fast chiller evacuation. Capacities are AHRI certified to assure performance as specified. These units are self-contained packages specifically engineered to provide refrigerant recovery capabilities for commercial and industrial applications requiring serviceability. It consists of a refrigerant compressor, oil separator, storage receiver, heater, water-cooled condenser, filter drier and necessary valves and hoses to remove, replace and distill CFC and HCFC refrigerants. All necessary controls and safety devices are permanently mounted. The RSR package is permanently mounted or made portable (via swivel casters with lock brakes).

For more information on this or any other YORK® refrigerant recovery, recycling & storage systems, contact Chicago Compressor & Specialty Products.

Remanufactured Compressors for Efficient, Long-Lasting Performance

5 November 2020

Chicago Compressors & Specialty Products - Remanufactured Compressor

HVAC equipment is there to create better environments. A compressor is the unit that pressurizes a refrigerant and transfers it to the system. To help keep your system running at peak performance, world-class YORK® compressors are designed for efficient, long-lasting performance that uses less energy and that run more efficiently in real-world conditions.

If your business relies on air conditioning or refrigeration, you need to have a partner you can rely on to keep things running efficiently with high-quality, remanufactured compressors. Legendary YORK® dependability and efficiency are one and the same. If your business wants to stay on top of operations and minimize equipment downtime you need an official source for OEM authorized YORK® brand remanufactured Semi-Hermetic Twin Screw Compressors and Semi-Hermetic Reciprocating Screw Compressors.

We remanufacture compressors to the same standards as newly built, using only factory-approved parts and engineering-certified processes. For a smoother experience, and a better long-term investment contact Chicago Compressors & Specialty Products. Each remanufactured compressor we ship is expertly manufactured for long-term duty, not simply rebuilt to be a temporary stopgap.

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